Health Behavior Change Counseling in Surgery for Degenerative Lumbar Spinal Stenosis. Part I: Improvement in Rehabilitation Engagement and Functional Outcomes

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Abstract

Abstract Objective To examine whether a brief motivational interviewing [MI]-based health behavior change counseling (HBCC) intervention increased patient participation in physical therapy and/or home exercise programs (HEPs), reduced disability, and improved health status after surgery for degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis. Design Prospective clinical trial. Setting Academic medical center. Participants From December 2009 through August 2012, consecutive patients (N=122) underwent surgery for degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis and, based on enrollment date, were prospectively assigned to a control (n=59) or HBCC intervention (n=63) group in a prospective, lagged-control clinical trial. Interventions Brief MI-based HBCC versus attention control. Main Outcome Measures Rehabilitation participation (primary); disability and health status (secondary). Therapists assessed engagement in, and patients reported attendance at, postoperative rehabilitation (physical therapy and/or HEP). At 3 and 6 months, disability and health status were assessed (Oswestry Disability Index [ODI] and Medical Outcomes Study 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey, version 2 [SF-12v2]) (significance, P<.05). Results Compared with controls, HBCC patients had significantly higher rehabilitation engagement (21.20±4.56 vs 23.57±2.71, respectively; P<.001), higher physical therapy (.67±.21 vs.82±.16, respectively; P<.001) and HEP (.65±.23 vs.75±.22, respectively; P=.019) attendance, and better functional outcomes at 3 months (difference: ODI, -10.7±4.4, P=.015; SF-12v2, 6.2±2.2, P=.004) and 6 months (difference: ODI, -12.7±4.8, P=.008; SF-12v2, 8.9±2.4, P<.001). The proportion of the HBCC intervention impact on functional recovery mediated by rehabilitation participation was approximately half at 3 months and one-third at 6 months. Conclusions HBCC can improve outcomes after spine surgery through improved rehabilitation participation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number56145
Pages (from-to)1200-1207
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of physical medicine and rehabilitation
Volume96
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015

Keywords

  • Laminectomy
  • Motivational interviewing
  • Rehabilitation
  • Spinal stenosis
  • Spine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

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