Health and Medical Services Use: A Matched Case Comparison Between CCRC Residents and National Health and Retirement Study Samples

Jean M. Gaines, Judith L. Poey, Katherine A. Marx, John M. Parrish, Barbara Resnick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Little is known about the health status of adults living in continuing care retirement communities (CCRC). Using matched-case control, 458 adults from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) or a CCRC-based sample were compared on total comorbidity, self-rated health, home health services use, and hospitalizations. At year 2, the CCRC sample reported more comorbidities (96%) but significantly better self-rated health (96% good/excellent) than the HRS sample (93% comorbidity, 73% good/excellent; p <.01). There were no significant differences in frequency of home health use or hospitalization. Living in a CCRC appears to be associated with higher self-ratings of health in this sample.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)788-802
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Gerontological Social Work
Volume54
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • continuing care retirement community
  • home health services
  • hospitalization history
  • older adults
  • self-rated health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Nursing (miscellaneous)

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