Harvey Cushing's contributions to motor mapping

1902-1912

Courtney Pendleton, Hasan A. Zaidi, Kaisorn L. Chaichana, Shaan M. Raza, Benjamin Solomon, Aaron A. Cohen-Gadol, Alfredo Quinones-Hinojosa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This review examined Dr. Harvey Cushing's cases in the surgical records of Johns Hopkins Hospital, from 1896 to 1912. 41 patients who underwent cortical stimulation for intra-operative motor mapping were selected for further analysis. We demonstrate that Cushing used cortical stimulation to define primary motor and sensory cortices in the treatment of tumors, trauma, and epilepsy, within adult and pediatric populations. In addition, he performed stimulation of sub-cortical white matter during 4 of these surgeries, setting the stage for contemporary use of this technique in improving post-operative outcomes. This review of Cushing's early intra-operative motor mapping illuminates his contributions, and clarifies his influence on the evolution of cortical mapping from an experimental technique to a staple of contemporary neurosurgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7-14
Number of pages8
JournalCortex
Volume48
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2012

Fingerprint

Motor Cortex
Neurosurgery
Epilepsy
Pediatrics
Wounds and Injuries
Population
Neoplasms
Therapeutics
White Matter
Stimulation

Keywords

  • Epilepsy
  • Harvey Cushing
  • Motor cortex mapping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Pendleton, C., Zaidi, H. A., Chaichana, K. L., Raza, S. M., Solomon, B., Cohen-Gadol, A. A., & Quinones-Hinojosa, A. (2012). Harvey Cushing's contributions to motor mapping: 1902-1912. Cortex, 48(1), 7-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2010.04.006

Harvey Cushing's contributions to motor mapping : 1902-1912. / Pendleton, Courtney; Zaidi, Hasan A.; Chaichana, Kaisorn L.; Raza, Shaan M.; Solomon, Benjamin; Cohen-Gadol, Aaron A.; Quinones-Hinojosa, Alfredo.

In: Cortex, Vol. 48, No. 1, 01.2012, p. 7-14.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pendleton, C, Zaidi, HA, Chaichana, KL, Raza, SM, Solomon, B, Cohen-Gadol, AA & Quinones-Hinojosa, A 2012, 'Harvey Cushing's contributions to motor mapping: 1902-1912', Cortex, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 7-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2010.04.006
Pendleton C, Zaidi HA, Chaichana KL, Raza SM, Solomon B, Cohen-Gadol AA et al. Harvey Cushing's contributions to motor mapping: 1902-1912. Cortex. 2012 Jan;48(1):7-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2010.04.006
Pendleton, Courtney ; Zaidi, Hasan A. ; Chaichana, Kaisorn L. ; Raza, Shaan M. ; Solomon, Benjamin ; Cohen-Gadol, Aaron A. ; Quinones-Hinojosa, Alfredo. / Harvey Cushing's contributions to motor mapping : 1902-1912. In: Cortex. 2012 ; Vol. 48, No. 1. pp. 7-14.
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