We describe haploidentical bone marrow transplantation with post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PT-CY) for 30 patients with Fanconi anemia (FA). Twenty-six patients were transplanted upfront, and the preparatory regimens included fludarabine 150 mg/m2 + total body irradiation 200 to 300 cGy ± CY 10 mg/kg without (n = 12) or with rabbit antithymocyte globulin (r-ATG) 4 to 5 mg/kg (n = 14). Four patients were rescued after primary or secondary graft failure after related or unrelated donor transplantation with the above regimen with (n = 2) or without r-ATG (n = 2). PT-CY at 25 mg/kg/day (total dose, 50 mg/kg) followed by cyclosporine and mycophenolate mofetil was given to all patients. All patients engrafted in the subgroup of patients who did not receive r-ATG (n = 14), but their transplant course was complicated by high rates of acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), and only 8 patients are alive. In the subgroup that received r-ATG (n = 16), 14 patients had sustained engraftment, severe GVHD rates were lower, and 13 patients are alive. Hemorrhagic cystitis occurred in 50% of patients, whereas cytomegalovirus reactivation occurred in 75%. One-year overall survival for the entire cohort was 73% (95% CI, 64% to 81%), and all surviving patients achieved full donor chimerism. In conclusion, haploidentical donor transplantation with PT-CY is a suitable option for FA patients without a matched related or unrelated donor.
- Fanconi anemia
- Inherited bone marrow failure syndromes
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