Background: Evidence suggests that inhalational anesthetics interact with the nitric oxide-guanylyl cyclase signaling pathway in the central nervous system and that the inhibition of this pathway in brain may result in an anesthetic, analgesic, or sedative effect. The mechanism of the effects of inhalational anesthetics on this signaling pathway is not clear. This study attempted to determine whether inhalational anesthetics directly affect soluble or particulate guanylyl cyclase activity in a partially isolated enzyme system. Methods: The effects of halothane (0.44-4.4%), enflurane (1.34-6.7%), and isoflurane (0.6-5.0%) on basal or stimulated soluble or particulate guanylyl cyclase activity were examined. Soluble guanylyl cyclase was isolated from whole rat brain and was stimulated by sodium nitroprusside or nitric oxide. Particulate guanylyl cyclase was isolated from rat olfactory bulb and was stimulated by rat atrial natriuretic peptide((1-28)). Cyclic guanosine monophosphate content was measured by radioimmunoassay. The concentrations of anesthetics in the incubation solution were confirmed by gas chromatography methods. Results: None of the three anesthetics affected the activity of basal or stimulated soluble or particulate guanylyl cyclase at the concentrations examined in the current experimental conditions. Conclusions: These results suggest that halothane, enflurane, and isoflurane do not directly interact with soluble or particulate guanylyl cyclases of rat brain.
- Anesthetics, volatile: enflurane; halothane; isoflurane
- Brain: nitric oxide
- Enzyme, guanylyl cyclase: particulate; soluble
- Nucleotides: cyclic guanosine monophosphate
- Pharmacology: atrial natriuretic peptide; sodium nitroprusside
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine