Background: While there is a significant body of literature on cervical cancer in HIV-positive women, little is known about other gynecologic cancers in this population. Objective: The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to describe the incidence, presentation, treatment, and outcomes for HIV-positive women with non–acquired immunodeficiency syndrome–defining gynecologic cancers. Study Design: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, ClinicalTrials.gov, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for English-language studies published from 2000 to May 1, 2017. Studies containing 1 or more HIV-positive women with endometrial, ovarian, or vulvovaginal cancer and reporting incidence, treatment regimen, or survival were included. Two authors independently reviewed abstracts and full-text articles for inclusion and assessed study quality (details of the review protocol were registered as PROSPERO-CRD42017064525). Pooled estimates of incidence were calculated using random-effects models. Pooled estimates of cancer presentation and outcomes were averaged from case studies. Results: Of 5744 abstracts screened, we identified 70 articles on 58 studies on 292,202 women with HIV and 528 women with HIV and gynecologic cancer for inclusion. Most articles (53%) focused on incidence, and only 3, 4, and 20 articles focused on treatment and outcomes of endometrial, ovarian, and vulvovaginal cancers, respectively. The standardized incidence ratios for endometrial, ovarian, and vulvovaginal cancers were 4.38 (95% confidence interval 0.26–8.49) for endometrial cancer, 3.21 (95% confidence interval 2.29–4.13) for ovarian cancer, and 21.93 (95% confidence interval 13.50–30.35) for vulvovaginal cancer. Fifty-seven percent of women were diagnosed at an early stage, and all received cancer treatment. Conclusion: In women with HIV, the incidence of ovarian and vulvovaginal cancer were higher than the general population, while incidence of endometrial cancer was similar. However, there was a paucity of data on treatment and outcomes for non–acquired immunodeficiency syndrome–defining gynecologic cancers. Given the increased incidence of gynecologic cancer, specific research on this population is essential to improve treatment and outcomes for HIV-positive women.
- acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
- human immunodeficiency virus
- human papillomavirus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology