Gut peptides in the control of food intake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Multiple gut peptides are involved in the overall control of food intake. Plasma levels of gut peptides are differentially affected by food intake, and the different patterns of release around meals provides an indication of a peptide's specific role in feeding control. Ghrelin is a gastric peptide whose plasma levels are high before meals and are suppressed in response to food intake. Consistent with this pattern, ghrelin has been shown to stimulate food intake by hastening meal initiations. Cholecystokinin (CCK) is released from upper intestinal sites in response to food intake. CCK inhibits eating in a manner consistent with a role in satiety. Pancreatic glucagon and amylin play similar roles in meal termination. In contrast, the lower gut peptides, peptide YY (3–36) and glucagon-like peptide 1, are released more slowly in response to food intake and levels remain elevated for hours after a meal. This pattern of release suggests effects across multiple meals, and these peptides have been shown to inhibit food intake by both decreasing meal size and increasing the satiating potency of consumed nutrients. Together, these actions indicate multiple roles for gut peptides in feeding control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S7-S10
JournalInternational Journal of Obesity
Volume33
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2009

Keywords

  • Amylin
  • Cholecystokinin
  • Ghrelin
  • Pancreatic glucagon
  • Pyy(3-36) and glp-1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Gut peptides in the control of food intake'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this