Gut Microbiota-Kidney Cross-Talk in Acute Kidney Injury

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Summary: The recent surge in research on the intestinal microbiota has greatly changed our understanding of human biology. Significant technical advances in DNA sequencing analysis and its application to metagenomics and metatranscriptomics has profoundly enhanced our ability to quantify and track complex microbial communities and to begin understanding their impact on human health and disease. This has led to a better understanding of the relationships between the intestinal microbiome and renal physiology/pathophysiology. In this review, we discuss the interactions between intestinal microbiota and kidney. We focus on select aspects including the intestinal barrier, immunologic and soluble mediators of microbiome effects, and effects of dysbiosis on acute kidney injury. Relevant studies on microbiome changes in other renal diseases are highlighted. We also introduce potential mechanisms of intervention with regard to gut microbiota in renal diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-116
Number of pages10
JournalSeminars in Nephrology
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2019

Keywords

  • AKI
  • Acute kidney injury
  • dysbiosis
  • gut microbiota
  • intestinal microbiota

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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