Gun Violence Restraining Orders: Alternative or Adjunct to Mental Health-Based Restrictions on Firearms?

Shannon Frattaroli, Emma Beth McGinty, Amy Barnhorst, Sheldon Greenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The gun violence restraining order (GVRO) is a new tool for preventing gun violence. Unlike traditional approaches to prohibiting gun purchase and possession, which rely on a high threshold (adjudication by criminal justice or mental health systems) before intervening, the GVRO allows family members and intimate partners who observe a relative's dangerous behavior and believe it may be a precursor to violence to request a GVRO through the civil justice system. Once issued by the court, a GVRO authorizes law enforcement to remove any guns in the respondent's possession and prohibits the respondent from purchasing new guns. In September 2014, California's governor signed AB1014 into law, making California the first U.S. state to enact a GVRO law. This article describes the GVRO and the rationale behind the concept, considers case examples to assess the potential impact of the GVRO as a strategy for preventing gun violence, and reviews the content of the California law.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)290-307
Number of pages18
JournalBehavioral Sciences and the Law
Volume33
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015

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Firearms
Violence
Mental Health
mental health
violence
possession
Law
justice
Dangerous Behavior
Law Enforcement
Criminal Law
law enforcement
Social Justice
family member
purchase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Law
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Gun Violence Restraining Orders : Alternative or Adjunct to Mental Health-Based Restrictions on Firearms? / Frattaroli, Shannon; McGinty, Emma Beth; Barnhorst, Amy; Greenberg, Sheldon.

In: Behavioral Sciences and the Law, Vol. 33, No. 2-3, 01.06.2015, p. 290-307.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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