Guanine nucleotide and cation regulation of the binding of [3H]cyclohexyladenosine and [3H]diethylphenylxanthine to adenosine A1 receptors in brain membranes

R. R. Goodman, M. J. Cooper, M. Gavish, S. H. Snyder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Guanine nucleotides, divalent cations, and sodium differentially regulate agonist and antagonist binding to adenosine A1 receptors in brain membranes. Guanine nucleotides decrease the binding of the adenosine A1 receptor agonist [3H]N6-cyclohexyladenosine ([3H]CHA) to guinea pig and bovine brain membranes by about 50% at 1-3 μM, while not affecting binding of the antagonist [3H]1,3-diethyl-8-phenylxanthine ([3H]DPX) to A1 receptors in bovine brain. GTP decreases the potency of agonists competing for [3H]DPX binding by 3-6 times, without altering the potency of antagonists. This effect can be used to grade experimental substances along an adenosine agonist-antagonist continuum. The 66% inhibition of [3H]CHA binding by 1 mM EDTA, with no change in [3H]DPX binding, suggests that endogenous divalent cations may regulate adenosine receptor interactions. Removal of endogenous divalent cations by EDTA treatment greatly increases the enhancement of [3H]CHA binding by divalent cations. Specific binding of [3H]CHA to guinea pig brain is increased 150-170% by 0.3-1.0 mM Mn2+, Mg2+, and Ca2+ following EDTA preincubation, secondary to an increase in apparent affinity and receptor number. Sodium ions also selectively regulate the binding of [3H]CHA. Sodium decreases [3H]CHA binding 40%, whereas lithium and potassium are ineffective. Sodium does not affect [3H]DPX binding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)329-335
Number of pages7
JournalMolecular Pharmacology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1982

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology


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