Choleragen activates adenylate cyclase in human skin fibroblasts by catalyzing the ADP-ribosylation of the 42,000 and 47,000 dalton guanyl nucleotide-binding regulatory components (G) of adenylate cyclase. The ADP-ribose linkage to 42,000 and 47,000 dalton proteins was stable at 30°C for 1 h with or without GTP, whereas GTP was required to stabilize activity of the G proteins. In human erythrocytes, choleragen catalyzed the ADP-ribosylation of only a 42,000 dalton G. The ADP-ribosyl-protein linkage was stable for 1 h at 30°C whether or not GTP was present, despite a rapid loss of G activity in the absence of GTP. Inactivation of choleragen-activated G in both the human fibroblast and human erythrocyte is, therefore, not secondary to the de-ADP-ribosylation of specifically labeled G subunits.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Sep 16 1981|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology