Growth, immune and viral responses in HIV infected African children receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy

A prospective cohort study

Philippa M. Musoke, Peter Mudiope, Linda N. Barlow-Mosha, Patrick Ajuna, Danstan Bagenda, Michael M. Mubiru, Thorkild Tylleskar, Mary Glenn Fowler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Scale up of paediatric antiretroviral therapy in resource limited settings continues despite limited access to routine laboratory monitoring. We documented the weight and height responses in HIV infected Ugandan children on highly active antiretroviral therapy and determined clinical factors associated with successful treatment outcomes.Methods: A prospective cohort of HIV infected children were initiated on HAART and followed for 48 weeks. Body mass index for age z scores(BAZ), weight and height-for-age z scores (WAZ & HAZ) were calculated: CD4 cell % and HIV-1 RNA were measured at baseline and every 12 weeks. Treatment outcomes were classified according to; both virological and immunological success (VS/IS), virological failure and immunological success (VF/IS). virological success and immunological failure (VS/IF) and both virological and immunological failure (VF/IF).Results: From March 2004 until May 2006, 124 HIV infected children were initiated on HAART. The median age (IQR) was 5.0 years (2.1 - 7.0) and 49% (61/124) were female. The median [95% confidence interval (CI)] BAZ, WAZ and HAZ at baseline were 0.29 (-2.9, -1.2), -1.2 (-2.1, -0.5) and -2.06 (-2.9, -1.2) respectively. Baseline median CD4 cell % and log10 HIV-1 RNA were; 11.8% (7.5-18.0) and 5.6 (5.2-5.8) copies/ml. By 48 weeks, mean WAZ and HAZ in the VF/IS group, which was younger, increased from - 0.98 (SD 1.7) to + 1.22 (SD 1.2) and from -1.99 (1.7) to + 0.76 (2.4) respectively. Mean increase in WAZ and HAZ in the VS/IF group, an older group was modest, from -1.84 (1.3) to - 0.41 (1.2) and -2.25 (1.2) to -1.16 (1.3) respectively. Baseline CD4 cell % [OR 6.97 95% CI (2.6 -18.6)], age [OR 4.6 95% CI (1.14 -19.1)] and WHO clinical stage [OR 3.5 95%CI (1.05 -12.7)] were associated with successful treatment outcome.Conclusions: HIV infected Ugandan children demonstrated a robust increase in height and weight z scores during the first 48 weeks of HAART, including those who failed to completely suppress virus. Older children initiating HAART with severe immune suppression were less likely to achieve a successful treatment outcome. These data emphasize the importance of initiating HAART early to ensure adequate immune and growth responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number56
JournalBMC Pediatrics
Volume10
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 6 2010

Fingerprint

Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy
Cohort Studies
HIV
Prospective Studies
Growth
Confidence Intervals
Weights and Measures
HIV-1
RNA
Body Mass Index
Pediatrics
Viruses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Growth, immune and viral responses in HIV infected African children receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy : A prospective cohort study. / Musoke, Philippa M.; Mudiope, Peter; Barlow-Mosha, Linda N.; Ajuna, Patrick; Bagenda, Danstan; Mubiru, Michael M.; Tylleskar, Thorkild; Fowler, Mary Glenn.

In: BMC Pediatrics, Vol. 10, 56, 06.08.2010.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Musoke, Philippa M. ; Mudiope, Peter ; Barlow-Mosha, Linda N. ; Ajuna, Patrick ; Bagenda, Danstan ; Mubiru, Michael M. ; Tylleskar, Thorkild ; Fowler, Mary Glenn. / Growth, immune and viral responses in HIV infected African children receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy : A prospective cohort study. In: BMC Pediatrics. 2010 ; Vol. 10.
@article{4da62181e30e423f8f9719dde9d717fc,
title = "Growth, immune and viral responses in HIV infected African children receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy: A prospective cohort study",
abstract = "Background: Scale up of paediatric antiretroviral therapy in resource limited settings continues despite limited access to routine laboratory monitoring. We documented the weight and height responses in HIV infected Ugandan children on highly active antiretroviral therapy and determined clinical factors associated with successful treatment outcomes.Methods: A prospective cohort of HIV infected children were initiated on HAART and followed for 48 weeks. Body mass index for age z scores(BAZ), weight and height-for-age z scores (WAZ & HAZ) were calculated: CD4 cell {\%} and HIV-1 RNA were measured at baseline and every 12 weeks. Treatment outcomes were classified according to; both virological and immunological success (VS/IS), virological failure and immunological success (VF/IS). virological success and immunological failure (VS/IF) and both virological and immunological failure (VF/IF).Results: From March 2004 until May 2006, 124 HIV infected children were initiated on HAART. The median age (IQR) was 5.0 years (2.1 - 7.0) and 49{\%} (61/124) were female. The median [95{\%} confidence interval (CI)] BAZ, WAZ and HAZ at baseline were 0.29 (-2.9, -1.2), -1.2 (-2.1, -0.5) and -2.06 (-2.9, -1.2) respectively. Baseline median CD4 cell {\%} and log10 HIV-1 RNA were; 11.8{\%} (7.5-18.0) and 5.6 (5.2-5.8) copies/ml. By 48 weeks, mean WAZ and HAZ in the VF/IS group, which was younger, increased from - 0.98 (SD 1.7) to + 1.22 (SD 1.2) and from -1.99 (1.7) to + 0.76 (2.4) respectively. Mean increase in WAZ and HAZ in the VS/IF group, an older group was modest, from -1.84 (1.3) to - 0.41 (1.2) and -2.25 (1.2) to -1.16 (1.3) respectively. Baseline CD4 cell {\%} [OR 6.97 95{\%} CI (2.6 -18.6)], age [OR 4.6 95{\%} CI (1.14 -19.1)] and WHO clinical stage [OR 3.5 95{\%}CI (1.05 -12.7)] were associated with successful treatment outcome.Conclusions: HIV infected Ugandan children demonstrated a robust increase in height and weight z scores during the first 48 weeks of HAART, including those who failed to completely suppress virus. Older children initiating HAART with severe immune suppression were less likely to achieve a successful treatment outcome. These data emphasize the importance of initiating HAART early to ensure adequate immune and growth responses.",
author = "Musoke, {Philippa M.} and Peter Mudiope and Barlow-Mosha, {Linda N.} and Patrick Ajuna and Danstan Bagenda and Mubiru, {Michael M.} and Thorkild Tylleskar and Fowler, {Mary Glenn}",
year = "2010",
month = "8",
day = "6",
doi = "10.1186/1471-2431-10-56",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "10",
journal = "BMC Pediatrics",
issn = "1471-2431",
publisher = "BioMed Central",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Growth, immune and viral responses in HIV infected African children receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy

T2 - A prospective cohort study

AU - Musoke, Philippa M.

AU - Mudiope, Peter

AU - Barlow-Mosha, Linda N.

AU - Ajuna, Patrick

AU - Bagenda, Danstan

AU - Mubiru, Michael M.

AU - Tylleskar, Thorkild

AU - Fowler, Mary Glenn

PY - 2010/8/6

Y1 - 2010/8/6

N2 - Background: Scale up of paediatric antiretroviral therapy in resource limited settings continues despite limited access to routine laboratory monitoring. We documented the weight and height responses in HIV infected Ugandan children on highly active antiretroviral therapy and determined clinical factors associated with successful treatment outcomes.Methods: A prospective cohort of HIV infected children were initiated on HAART and followed for 48 weeks. Body mass index for age z scores(BAZ), weight and height-for-age z scores (WAZ & HAZ) were calculated: CD4 cell % and HIV-1 RNA were measured at baseline and every 12 weeks. Treatment outcomes were classified according to; both virological and immunological success (VS/IS), virological failure and immunological success (VF/IS). virological success and immunological failure (VS/IF) and both virological and immunological failure (VF/IF).Results: From March 2004 until May 2006, 124 HIV infected children were initiated on HAART. The median age (IQR) was 5.0 years (2.1 - 7.0) and 49% (61/124) were female. The median [95% confidence interval (CI)] BAZ, WAZ and HAZ at baseline were 0.29 (-2.9, -1.2), -1.2 (-2.1, -0.5) and -2.06 (-2.9, -1.2) respectively. Baseline median CD4 cell % and log10 HIV-1 RNA were; 11.8% (7.5-18.0) and 5.6 (5.2-5.8) copies/ml. By 48 weeks, mean WAZ and HAZ in the VF/IS group, which was younger, increased from - 0.98 (SD 1.7) to + 1.22 (SD 1.2) and from -1.99 (1.7) to + 0.76 (2.4) respectively. Mean increase in WAZ and HAZ in the VS/IF group, an older group was modest, from -1.84 (1.3) to - 0.41 (1.2) and -2.25 (1.2) to -1.16 (1.3) respectively. Baseline CD4 cell % [OR 6.97 95% CI (2.6 -18.6)], age [OR 4.6 95% CI (1.14 -19.1)] and WHO clinical stage [OR 3.5 95%CI (1.05 -12.7)] were associated with successful treatment outcome.Conclusions: HIV infected Ugandan children demonstrated a robust increase in height and weight z scores during the first 48 weeks of HAART, including those who failed to completely suppress virus. Older children initiating HAART with severe immune suppression were less likely to achieve a successful treatment outcome. These data emphasize the importance of initiating HAART early to ensure adequate immune and growth responses.

AB - Background: Scale up of paediatric antiretroviral therapy in resource limited settings continues despite limited access to routine laboratory monitoring. We documented the weight and height responses in HIV infected Ugandan children on highly active antiretroviral therapy and determined clinical factors associated with successful treatment outcomes.Methods: A prospective cohort of HIV infected children were initiated on HAART and followed for 48 weeks. Body mass index for age z scores(BAZ), weight and height-for-age z scores (WAZ & HAZ) were calculated: CD4 cell % and HIV-1 RNA were measured at baseline and every 12 weeks. Treatment outcomes were classified according to; both virological and immunological success (VS/IS), virological failure and immunological success (VF/IS). virological success and immunological failure (VS/IF) and both virological and immunological failure (VF/IF).Results: From March 2004 until May 2006, 124 HIV infected children were initiated on HAART. The median age (IQR) was 5.0 years (2.1 - 7.0) and 49% (61/124) were female. The median [95% confidence interval (CI)] BAZ, WAZ and HAZ at baseline were 0.29 (-2.9, -1.2), -1.2 (-2.1, -0.5) and -2.06 (-2.9, -1.2) respectively. Baseline median CD4 cell % and log10 HIV-1 RNA were; 11.8% (7.5-18.0) and 5.6 (5.2-5.8) copies/ml. By 48 weeks, mean WAZ and HAZ in the VF/IS group, which was younger, increased from - 0.98 (SD 1.7) to + 1.22 (SD 1.2) and from -1.99 (1.7) to + 0.76 (2.4) respectively. Mean increase in WAZ and HAZ in the VS/IF group, an older group was modest, from -1.84 (1.3) to - 0.41 (1.2) and -2.25 (1.2) to -1.16 (1.3) respectively. Baseline CD4 cell % [OR 6.97 95% CI (2.6 -18.6)], age [OR 4.6 95% CI (1.14 -19.1)] and WHO clinical stage [OR 3.5 95%CI (1.05 -12.7)] were associated with successful treatment outcome.Conclusions: HIV infected Ugandan children demonstrated a robust increase in height and weight z scores during the first 48 weeks of HAART, including those who failed to completely suppress virus. Older children initiating HAART with severe immune suppression were less likely to achieve a successful treatment outcome. These data emphasize the importance of initiating HAART early to ensure adequate immune and growth responses.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77955225061&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77955225061&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1186/1471-2431-10-56

DO - 10.1186/1471-2431-10-56

M3 - Article

VL - 10

JO - BMC Pediatrics

JF - BMC Pediatrics

SN - 1471-2431

M1 - 56

ER -