Growth factor responsiveness of human retinal pigment epithelial cells

K. H. Leschey, S. F. Hackett, J. H. Singer, P. A. Campochiaro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Growth factor effects on DNA synthesis in density-arrested human retinal pigment epithelial cells were assessed by [3H]-thymidine incorporation. Acidic and basic fibroblast growth factor and epidermal growth factor were potent stimulators, whereas platelet-derived growth factor, insulinlike growth factor-1, and insulin were weak or modest stimulators when used alone. When used in combination, each of the above growth factors caused a significant enhancement of [3H]-thymidine incorporation regardless of its effect when used alone. The combination of all four growth factors was significantly more effective than all other combinations, demonstrating synergism in their action. Similar results were found in cell proliferation assays. In contrast to this, transforming growth factor-beta inhibited the ability of each of the other growth factors and serum-containing media to stimulate [3H]-thymidine incorporation. These data suggest that DNA synthesis in human retinal pigment epithelial cells can be modulated by several growth factors, some in a stimulatory or synergistic manner and at least one in an inhibitory manner. A better understanding of these complex interactions may provide insights relevant to normal and abnormal ocular wound healing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)839-846
Number of pages8
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Volume31
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 1 1990
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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