Muscle mitochondrial dysfunction is implicated in intensive care unit-acquired weakness, but there is no serum biomarker of muscle mitochondrial function for critical illness survivors. Higher serum growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) is a biomarker of inherited mitochondrial myopathy disease and is associated with mortality in several age-related diseases. Among 142 older (age ≥ 65 years) survivors of acute respiratory failure, we found that higher serum GDF-15 measured during the week prior to hospital discharge was cross-sectionally associated with weaker diaphragm, limb and hand-grip strength, and longitudinally associated with lower rates of functional recovery over 6 months, independent of age, sex, pre-existing disability, comorbidity, frailty, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II scores and concurrent interleukin-6 levels.
- Critical Care
- Not Applicable
- Pulmonary Rehabilitation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine