Group-based HIV risk reduction intervention for adolescent girls: Evidence of feasibility and efficacy

Dianne Morrison-Beedy, Michael P. Carey, Jeanne Kowalski, Xin Tu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The purposes of this pilot study were (a) to assess the feasibility of a community-based, small group HIV risk reduction intervention with adolescent girls, and (b) to obtain preliminary evidence of the efficacy of this theoretically-guided intervention using a controlled design. The feasibility of the intervention was demonstrated by successfully implementing it with 33 sexually-active, single girls. Preliminary evidence of the efficacy of the intervention was obtained using a randomized trial with 62 sexually-active, single girls. Data obtained at a 3-month follow-up assessment showed that girls who received the HIV-related intervention improved their HIV-related knowledge and enhanced their motivation for risk reduction compared to girls who received a control (health promotion) intervention. Effect sizes suggest that the HIV intervention also reduced several risk behaviors (e.g., vaginal sex without a condom, giving oral sex, and alcohol and drug use before sex). Challenges to implementation and suggestions for intervention enhancement are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-15
Number of pages13
JournalResearch in Nursing and Health
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2005

Keywords

  • Adolescent girls
  • HIV prevention
  • Pilot
  • Randomized controlled trial
  • Risk reduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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