Group B streptococcal meningitis in infants beyond the neonatal period

Shalini Dwivedi, Bimal K. Das, Satinder Aneja, Suvasini Sharma, Mona K. Chaturvedi, Geoff Kahn, Sean P. Fitzwater, Aruna Chandran, Nitya Wadhwa, Shinjini Bhatnagar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To describe the clinico-bacteriological profile, and early outcomes of infants diagnosed with Group B streptococcus (GBS) meningitis. Methods: This was a retrospective review of infants (aged 1 mo to 2 y) diagnosed with GBS meningitis in a tertiary care hospital in New Delhi from October 2010 through January 2012. The clinico-bacteriological data and early outcomes of infants with suspected bacterial meningitis and a positive CSF latex agglutination test for GBS were studied. The CSF samples were subjected to PCR for broad spectrum 16s ribosomal DNA and the GBS species specific gene, the scpB. Results: Twenty seven patients (13 boys, and 14 girls) were diagnosed with GBS meningitis during the study period. Broad spectrum 16s ribosomal DNA PCR was performed on 18 of the 27 CSF samples. Sixteen were positive. All these 16 were also positive for the species specific scpB gene. The median duration of hospital stay was 7 d (range 1-72 d). Nine patients died. One patient each developed ventriculitis, optic atrophy and hydrocephalus. Overall, 12 patients had a complete recovery at discharge. Conclusions: GBS must be considered in the etiology of bacterial meningitis in Indian infants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4-8
Number of pages5
JournalIndian journal of pediatrics
Volume81
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Bacterial meningitis
  • Scp gene
  • Ventriculitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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