Graphical analysis of 6-fluoro-L-dopa trapping: Effect of inhibition of catechol-O-methyltransferase

J. E. Holden, D. Doudet, C. J. Endres, G. L.Y. Chan, K. S. Morrison, F. J.G. Vingerhoets, B. J. Snow, B. D. Pate, V. Sossi, K. R. Buckley, T. J. Ruth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Graphical methods to analyze tracer time-course data allow reliable quantitation of the rate of incorporation of tracer from plasma into a 'trapped' kinetic component, even when the details of the kinetic model are unknown. Applications of the method over long time periods often expose the slow reversibility of the trapping process. In the extended graphical method, both trapping rate and a presumed first-order loss rate constant are estimated simultaneously from the time-course data. Methods: We applied the extended graphical method to 6-fluoro-L-dopa (6-FD), simultaneously estimating the rate of uptake (K1) and the rate constant for loss from the trapped component (k(loss)) in a single fitting procedure. We applied this approach to study the effects of two catechol-O-methyl-transferase inhibitors on the kinetics of 6-FD in cynomolgus monkeys. Results: Inhibition of peripheral O-methylation with either inhibitor, confirmed by high-performance liquid chromatography analysis of labeled compounds in arterial plasma, had no significant effect on K1, in agreement with previously reported studies. In contrast, tolcapone, a catechol-O-methyl-transferase inhibitor, having central effects in addition to peripheral effects at the dosage used, decreased k(loss) by 40% from control values (p<0.002), whereas nitecapone, which has no known central activity, had no significant effect. Conclusion: This method provides insight into the neurochemical basis for the kinetic behavior of 6-FD in both health and disease and may be used to define the action of centrally active drugs that influence the metabolism of dopamine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1568-1574
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine
Volume38
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1997

Keywords

  • 6-fluoro-dopa
  • COMT inhibition
  • Extended graphical method
  • PET
  • Reversible trapping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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    Holden, J. E., Doudet, D., Endres, C. J., Chan, G. L. Y., Morrison, K. S., Vingerhoets, F. J. G., Snow, B. J., Pate, B. D., Sossi, V., Buckley, K. R., & Ruth, T. J. (1997). Graphical analysis of 6-fluoro-L-dopa trapping: Effect of inhibition of catechol-O-methyltransferase. Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 38(10), 1568-1574.