Graphic analysis of paralytic strabismus with the lancaster red-green test

David S. Zee, Fred C. Chu, Lance M. Optican, James R. Carl, Douglas Reingold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We used the Lancaster red-green test to monitor changes in ocular alignment in patients with paralytic strabismus. By inferring the position of the right eye and that of the left eye at many different positions of gaze and then plotting the data on a graph, one can derive a static eye position curve. The location of the curve relative to the line depicting normal ocular alignment (orthophoria) indicates whether there is an esodeviation or an exodeviation. The slope of a line drawn tangent to the curve indicates, for that particular point, whether the deviation is concomitant or not and which eye is relatively weak or restricted and by how much. This graphic technique provides a simple, sensitive, and quantitative measure of ocular alignment that may be especially useful for detecting subtle changes in the relative positions of the two eyes. This method may be a useful adjunct in the planning and evaluation of therapy for patients with paralytic strabismus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)587-592
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of ophthalmology
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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