Granzyme B: Evidence for a role in the origin of myasthenia gravis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose of research: Although the pathogenesis of myasthenia gravis (MG) as an antibody mediated disorder of acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) at neuromuscular junctions is well understood, the origin of the autoimmune response is unclear. The thymus is intimately involved in initiation of the autoimmune response; the antigen, AChR, is present in the thymus, but how the autoimmune response is triggered is not known. Granzyme B (GrB), a proteolytic enzyme present in cytolytic T cells and natural killer (NK) cells, selectively cleaves many potential autoantigens (but few non-autoantigens), generating novel fragments that trigger autoreactive responses. This protease has been strongly implicated in the pathogenesis of several autoimmune diseases including lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, dermatomyositis, and others. In the studies described in this manuscript, we examined the ability of GrB to cleave the AChR subunits, and performed biochemical, immunohistochemical and molecular studies on thymus glands from myasthenic patients and controls to assess GrB expression. Main results: GrB efficiently and specifically cleaves subunits of AChR, especially the epsilon subunit. GrB is present in thymus glands from myasthenia patients, but is absent in control thymuses. Conclusions: Our results provide evidence supporting a potential role for GrB in the process of initiation of MG, and are consistent with the concept of an immunodominant epsilon epitope.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33-40
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neuroimmunology
Volume201-202
Issue numberC
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2008

Keywords

  • Acetylcholine receptor
  • Autoimmunity
  • Epsilon subunit
  • Granzyme B
  • Myasthenia gravis
  • Thymus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Granzyme B: Evidence for a role in the origin of myasthenia gravis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this