Minimization of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) with preservation of the graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effect is a crucial step to improve the overall survival of allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) for patients with hematological malignancies. We and other investigators have shown that granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)-mobilized allogeneic peripheral stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) reduces the severity of acute GVHD in murine models. In this study, we investigated whether G-CSF-mobilized PBSC maintain their GVL effect in a murine allogeneic transplant model (B6 → B6D2F1). B6 mice (H-2b) were injected subcutaneously with human G-CSF (100 μg/kg/d) for 6 days and their splenocytes were harvested on day 7 as a source of PBSC. G-CSF mobilization dramatically improved transplant survival compared with nonmobilized controls (95% v 0%, P < .001). Systemic levels of lipopolysaccharide and tumor necrosis factor-α were markedly reduced in recipients of allogeneic G-CSF-mobilized donors, but cytolytic T lymphocyte (CTL) activity against host tumor target cells p815 was retained in those recipients. When leukemia was induced in recipients by coinjection of p815 tumor cells (H-2(d)) at the time of transplantation, all surviving recipients of G-CSF-mobilized B6 donors were leukemia-free at day 70 after transplant, whereas all mice who received T-cell-depleted (TCD) splenocytes from G-CSF- mobilized B6 donors died of leukemia. When splenocytes from G-CSF-mobilized perforin-deficient (pfp(-/-)) mice were used for transplantation, 90% of recipients died of leukemia, demonstrating that perforin is a crucial pathway mediating GVL effects after G-CSF-mobilized PBSCT. These data illustrate that G-CSF-mobilized allogeneic PBSCT separate GVL from GVHD by preserving perforin-dependent donor CTL activity while reducing systemic inflammation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology