Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor enhances the phagocytic and bactericidal activity of normal and defective human neutrophils

Emmanuel Roilides, Thomas J. Walsh, Philip A. Pizzo, Marc Rubin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) stimulates proliferation of myeloid cells and may be a valuable adjunct in prevention and treatment of neutropenia-associated infections. Neutrophil (PMNL) phagocytic and microbicidal functions against Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans blastoconidia were therefore evaluated. Bacterial phagocytosis and bactericidal activity were significantly enhanced by - 50%-70% after preincubation of normal PMNL with G-CSF in concentrations of 1000-4000 units/ml for 10 min at 37°C. G-CSF in similar concentrations enhanced the defective bactericidal activity of PMNL from HIV-l-infected patients by -70%-150% and reached the baseline control PMNL killing. However, G-CSF enhanced neither phagocytosis nor fungicidal activity of normal PMNL against C. albicans blastoconidia. These data demonstrate that G-CSF enhances the antibacterial but not the antifungal activities of human PMNL in vitro and also improves the defective PMNL bactericidal activity of HIV-l-infected patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)579-583
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume163
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

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