Gonococcal infections

Jonathan Mark Zenilman, J. McLeod Griffiss

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Despite currently effective means of diagnosis and treatment, gonorrhea remains a major public health problem throughout the world. In 2005, 339,593 cases of gonorrhea were reported to the Centers for Disease Control by local and state health departments, (1) representing a nationwide population-based incidence case rateof 115/100,000. From 1975 through 1997, the national gonorrhea rate declined 74.3% following implementation of the national gonorrhea control program in the mid-1970s. Gonorrhea rates subsequently appeared to plateau for several years; however, the gonorrhea rate has decreased 11.8% from 2000 to 2004. An additional one to two cases are thought to occur for every reported case.(2) The highest rates are seen in adolescent women (aged 15-19 years) and young adult men (aged 20-24 years) representing, in part, sexual behavior patterns. Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a major cause of pelvic inflammatory disease,(3,4) which in turn causes tubal factor infertility and ectopic pregnancy. Gonococcal infection also facilitates human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBacterial Infections of Humans: Epidemiology and Control
PublisherSpringer US
Pages315-336
Number of pages22
ISBN (Print)9780387098425
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

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Gonorrhea
Infection
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Ectopic Pregnancy
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)
Sexual Behavior
Infertility
Young Adult
Public Health
HIV
Incidence
Health
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Zenilman, J. M., & Griffiss, J. M. (2009). Gonococcal infections. In Bacterial Infections of Humans: Epidemiology and Control (pp. 315-336). Springer US. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-09843-2_16

Gonococcal infections. / Zenilman, Jonathan Mark; Griffiss, J. McLeod.

Bacterial Infections of Humans: Epidemiology and Control. Springer US, 2009. p. 315-336.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Zenilman, JM & Griffiss, JM 2009, Gonococcal infections. in Bacterial Infections of Humans: Epidemiology and Control. Springer US, pp. 315-336. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-09843-2_16
Zenilman JM, Griffiss JM. Gonococcal infections. In Bacterial Infections of Humans: Epidemiology and Control. Springer US. 2009. p. 315-336 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-09843-2_16
Zenilman, Jonathan Mark ; Griffiss, J. McLeod. / Gonococcal infections. Bacterial Infections of Humans: Epidemiology and Control. Springer US, 2009. pp. 315-336
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