Gonococcal infections

Jonathan M. Zenilman, J. Mc Leod Griffiss

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Despite currently effective means of diagnosis and treatment, gonorrhea remains a major public health problem throughout the world. In 2005, 339,593 cases of gonorrhea were reported to the Centers for Disease Control by local and state health departments, (1) representing a nationwide population-based incidence case rateof 115/100,000. From 1975 through 1997, the national gonorrhea rate declined 74.3% following implementation of the national gonorrhea control program in the mid-1970s. Gonorrhea rates subsequently appeared to plateau for several years; however, the gonorrhea rate has decreased 11.8% from 2000 to 2004. An additional one to two cases are thought to occur for every reported case.(2) The highest rates are seen in adolescent women (aged 15-19 years) and young adult men (aged 20-24 years) representing, in part, sexual behavior patterns. Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a major cause of pelvic inflammatory disease,(3,4) which in turn causes tubal factor infertility and ectopic pregnancy. Gonococcal infection also facilitates human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBacterial Infections of Humans
Subtitle of host publicationEpidemiology and Control
PublisherSpringer US
Pages315-336
Number of pages22
ISBN (Print)9780387098425
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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    Zenilman, J. M., & Griffiss, J. M. L. (2009). Gonococcal infections. In Bacterial Infections of Humans: Epidemiology and Control (pp. 315-336). Springer US. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-09843-2_16