GnRH antagonist rescue in high responders at risk for OHSS results in excellent assisted reproduction outcomes

Micah J. Hill, Rebecca J. Chason, Mark D. Payson, James H. Segars, John M. Csokmay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist rescue is performed by replacing a GnRH agonist with a GnRH antagonist in patients with rapidly rising serum oestradiol who are at risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) during stimulation. It results in a rapid reduction in serum oestradiol, allowing for the avoidance of cycle cancellation and the continuation of exogenous gonadotrophin administration. A total of 387 patients who underwent GnRH antagonist rescue for ovarian hyperresponse were compared with 271 patients who did not receive GnRH antagonist rescue and had oestradiol concentrations >4000 pg/ml on the day of human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) administration. GnRH antagonist rescue decreased the mean oestradiol concentration by 35% on the first day of use. There was no difference in oocyte maturity (82% versus 83%) or fertilization rate (69% versus 67%) between the antagonist rescue and comparison groups, respectively. The percentage of high-grade embryos on day 3 and the blastocyst development rate were also similar between groups. The live-birth rate was 41.9% in the antagonist rescue group and 36.9% in the comparison group. GnRH antagonist rescue enabled cycle completion with high live-birth rates in patients at risk for OHSS. GnRH antagonist was associated with high oocyte quality, blastocyst development and pregnancy. Gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist rescue is a protocol to reduce the risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) in assisted reproduction treatment. Patients who have a hyperresponse to medication during their treatment cycle have their GnRH agonist discontinued and a GnRH antagonist started in its place. This causes a rapid reduction in oestrogen concentrations and allows for the continuation of stimulation medication. We evaluated the effectiveness of this protocol by comparing patients who had GnRH antagonist rescue against high-responding patients who did not receive GnRH antagonist rescue. GnRH antagonist rescue resulted in a 35% reduction in oestrogen concentration and only a 1.5% cycle cancellation rate. There were no differences in oocyte maturity or fertilization between the two groups. There were no differences in the quality of day-3 and day-5 embryos between the two groups. The live birth rate was 41.9% in the antagonist rescue group and 36.9% in the comparison group. GnRH antagonist rescue reduced serum oestradiol concentrations and enabled cycle completion with high live-birth rates in patients at risk for OHSS. GnRH antagonist was associated with high oocyte quality, blastocyst development and pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)284-291
Number of pages8
JournalReproductive biomedicine online
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • GnRH antagonist rescue
  • IVF
  • OHSS
  • assisted reproduction
  • cancellation
  • infertility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Developmental Biology

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