Glycosylation of nuclear and cytoplasmic proteins: Purification and characterization of a uridine diphospho-N-acetylglucosamine:polypeptide β-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase

Robert S. Haltiwanger, Mellissa A. Blomberg, Gerald Warren Hart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Using a combination of conventional and affinity chromatographic techniques, we have purified a uridine diphospho-N-acetylglucosamine:polypeptide β-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (O-GlcNAc transferase) over 30,000-fold from rat liver cytosol. The transferase is soluble and very large, migrating with an apparent molecular weight of 340,000 on molecular sieve chromatography. Analysis of the purified enzyme on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis reveals two protein species migrating at 110 (α subunit) and 78 (β subunit) kDa in approximately a two-to-one ratio. Thus, the enzyme likely exists as a heterotrimer complex with two subunits of 110 kDa and one of 78 kDa (α2β). The α subunit appears to contain the enzyme's active site since it is selectively radiolabeled by a specific photoaffinity probe (4-[β-32P]thiouridine diphosphate). Photoinactivation and photolabeling of the enzyme are dependent on time and long wavelength ultraviolet light. Photolabeling of the α subunit is specifically blocked by UDP. The enzyme has an extremely high affinity for UDP-GlcNAc (Km = 545 nM). This unusually high affinity for the sugar nucleotide donor probably provides the enzyme an advantage over the nucleotide transporters in the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus which compete for available cytoplasmic UDP-GlcNAc. The multimeric state and large size of the O-GlcNAc transferase imply that its activity may be highly regulated within the cell.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9005-9013
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume267
Issue number13
StatePublished - May 5 1992

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Uridine Diphosphate N-Acetylglucosamine
Glycosylation
Nuclear Proteins
Purification
Peptides
Uridine Diphosphate
Enzymes
Proteins
Nucleotides
Thiouridine
Diphosphates
Molecular sieves
Golgi Apparatus
Ultraviolet Rays
Transferases
Chromatography
Electrophoresis
Sugars
Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate
Endoplasmic Reticulum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Glycosylation of nuclear and cytoplasmic proteins : Purification and characterization of a uridine diphospho-N-acetylglucosamine:polypeptide β-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase. / Haltiwanger, Robert S.; Blomberg, Mellissa A.; Hart, Gerald Warren.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 267, No. 13, 05.05.1992, p. 9005-9013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Using a combination of conventional and affinity chromatographic techniques, we have purified a uridine diphospho-N-acetylglucosamine:polypeptide β-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (O-GlcNAc transferase) over 30,000-fold from rat liver cytosol. The transferase is soluble and very large, migrating with an apparent molecular weight of 340,000 on molecular sieve chromatography. Analysis of the purified enzyme on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis reveals two protein species migrating at 110 (α subunit) and 78 (β subunit) kDa in approximately a two-to-one ratio. Thus, the enzyme likely exists as a heterotrimer complex with two subunits of 110 kDa and one of 78 kDa (α2β). The α subunit appears to contain the enzyme's active site since it is selectively radiolabeled by a specific photoaffinity probe (4-[β-32P]thiouridine diphosphate). Photoinactivation and photolabeling of the enzyme are dependent on time and long wavelength ultraviolet light. Photolabeling of the α subunit is specifically blocked by UDP. The enzyme has an extremely high affinity for UDP-GlcNAc (Km = 545 nM). This unusually high affinity for the sugar nucleotide donor probably provides the enzyme an advantage over the nucleotide transporters in the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus which compete for available cytoplasmic UDP-GlcNAc. The multimeric state and large size of the O-GlcNAc transferase imply that its activity may be highly regulated within the cell.",
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