Human T cell hybridomas, which constitutively secrete glycosylation inhibiting factor (GIF), were constructed from PBL of an allergic individual who was sensitive to honey bee venom. PBMC of the patient were stimulated with either denatured or cyanogen bromide-treated bee venom phospholipase A2 (PLA2), and Ag-activated cells were propagated by IL-2 in the presence of human recombinant lipocortin I. T cells obtained in the cultures were fused with a HAT-sensitive mutant of the human lymphoblastoid cell line CEM. Approximately one-third of hybridoma clones constitutively secreted GIF. The GIF-producing hybridomas were CD3+ and bore TCR-αβ. GIF formed by unstimulated hybridomas lacked affinity for bee venom PLA2. Upon crosslinking of CD3, however, a majority of the GIF-producing hybridomas formed IgE-binding factors and GIF, the latter of which had affinity for bee venom PLA2. Both nonspecific GIF and Ag-binding GIF from the hybridomas bound to an immunosorbent coupled with the anti-lipomodulin mAb 141-B9. Using an affinity-purified GIF as an immunogen, we established mouse B cell hybridomas that secreted monoclonal anti-human GIF. In order to characterize human nonspecific GIF, one of the GIF-producing hybridomas was adapted to a serum-free medium, and culture supernatant was fractionated by DEAE-Sepharose column chromatography and by gel filtration. The majority of nonspecific GIF in the culture supernatant was recovered from DEAE-Sepharose by elution of the column with 10 mM Tris-HCl buffer, pH 8.0, containing 50 mM NaCl. Affinity-purification of GIF in the DEAE Sepharose fraction by using anti- GIF-coupled Affigel, and analysis of the purified GIF by SDS-PAGE revealed that human GIF is a single polypeptide chain of 14 to 15 kDa. Gel filtration of both crude and affinity-purified GIF preparations confirmed the molecular size of the cytokine.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy