Glycosyl phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C (GPI-PLC) from Trypanosoma brucei cleaves the glycosyl phosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor of the trypanosome variant surface glycoprotein (VSG) and other GPI structures. We have expressed this enzyme in Escherichia coli, using a protocol designed to produce the native enzyme rather than a fusion protein. We have purified large amounts of GPI-PLC from E. coli membranes, using a single step immunoaffinity technique. The expressed enzyme is identical to its trypanosome counterpart in enzymatic specificity, mobility on SDS-PAGE, and isoelectric point. Recombinant GPI-PLC is a membrane enzyme; it associates with E. coli membranes and, like the T. brucei GPI-PLC, partitions into the detergent phase in Triton X-114 phase separation experiments. The Michaelis constants for the two enzymes are similar (400 nM, with VSG as substrate). The turnover number (kcat, 72 min-1) of the recombinant enzyme (expressed from a T. brucei rhodesiense WRATat 1.1 cDNA) is about one-tenth that of GPI-PLC from T. brucei brucei (ILTat 1.3).
- Expression in Escherichia coli
- Glycosyl phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C
- Trypanosoma brucei
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology