Glycemic predictors of insulin independence after total pancreatectomy with islet autotransplantation

Michael Quartuccio, Erica Hall, Vikesh Singh, Martin A. Makary, Kenzo Hirose, Niraj Desai, Christi Walsh, Daniel Warren, Zhaoli Sun, Ellen Stein, Rita R. Kalyani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Context: Total pancreatectomy with islet auto transplantation (TPIAT) is a treatment for medically refractory chronic pancreatitis that can prevent postsurgical diabetes in some patients. Predictors of insulin independence are needed for appropriate patient selection and counseling. Objective: To explore glycemic predictors of insulin independence after TPIAT. Design: A prospective cohort of patients. Methods: We investigated 34 patients undergoing TPIAT from 2011-2016 at Johns Hopkins Hospital, all had a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) administered prior to their TPIAT. The primary outcome was insulin independence 1 year after TPIAT. Results: Ten of 34 (29%) patients were insulin independent 1 year after TPIAT. All patients with impaired fasting glucose and/or impaired glucose tolerance preoperatively were insulin dependent at 1 year. In age-adjusted regression analyses, fasting glucose # 90 mg/dL [odds ratio (OR) = 6.56; 1.11 to 38.91; P = 0.04], 1-hour OGTT glucose # 143 mg/dL (OR = 6.65; 1.11 to 39.91; P = 0.04), and 2-hour OGTT glucose # 106 mg/dL (OR = 11.74; 1.46 to 94.14; P = 0.02) were significant predictors of insulin independence. In receiver operating characteristic analyses, homeostatic model assessment of b-cell function (HOMA-b) was the most robust predictor of insulin independence [area under the curve (AUC) = 0.88; 0.73 to 1.00]. Conclusions: Normal preoperative glucose status and lower fasting and postchallenge OGTT glucose values are significant predictors of insulin independence after TPIAT. Higher islet function (HOMA-b) was the strongest predictor. OGTT testing may be a useful tool to aid in patient counseling prior to TPIAT and should be further investigated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)801-809
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume102
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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