Glutathione may have implications in the design of 3-bromopyruvate treatment protocols for both fungal and algal infections as well as multiple myeloma

Katarzyna Niedzwiecka, Mariusz Dylag, Daria Augustyniak, Grazyna Majkowska-Skrobek, Magdalena Cal-Bakowska, Young H. Ko, Peter L. Pedersen, Andre Goffeau, Stanislaw Ulaszewski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In different fungal and algal species, the intracellular concentration of reduced glutathione (GSH) correlates closely with their susceptibility to killing by the small molecule alkylating agent 3-bromopyruvate (3BP). Additionally, in the case of Cryptococcus neoformans cells 3BP exhibits a synergistic effect with buthionine sulfoximine (BSO), a known GSH depletion agent. This effect was observed when 3BP and BSO were used together at concentrations respectively of 4-5 and almost 8 times lower than their Minimal Inhibitory Concentration (MIC). Finally, at different concentrations of 3BP (equal to the half-MIC, MIC and double-MIC in a case of fungi, 1 mM and 2.5 mM for microalgae and 25, 50, 100 μM for human multiple myeloma (MM) cells), a significant decrease in GSH concentration is observed inside microorganisms as well as tumor cells. In contrast to the GSH concentration decrease, the presence of 3BP at concentrations corresponding to sub-MIC values or half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) clearly results in increasing the expression of genes encoding enzymes involved in the synthesis of GSH in Cryptococcus neoformans and MM cells. Moreover, as shown for the first time in the MM cell model, the drastic decrease in the ATP level and GSH concentration and the increase in the amount of ROS caused by 3BP ultimately results in cell death.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65614-65626
Number of pages13
JournalOncotarget
Volume7
Issue number40
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

Keywords

  • 3-bromopyruvate (3BP)
  • Buthionine sulfoximine
  • Fungi
  • Genes expression
  • Glutathione
  • MM cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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