Glucose and insulin measurements from the oral glucose tolerance test and mortality prediction

E. Jeffrey Metter, B. Gwen Windham, Marcello Maggio, Eleanor Marie Simonsick, Shari M. Ling, Josephine M. Egan, Luigi Ferrucci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


OBJECTIVE - To verify what information from oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTTs) independently predicts mortality. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - A total of 1,401 initially nondiabetic participants from the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging aged 17-95 years underwent one or more OGTTs (median 2, range 1-8), with insulin and glucose measurements taken every 20 min over the course of 2 h included in this study. Proportional hazards using the longitudinally collected data and Bayesian model averaging were used to examine the association of OGTT measurements individually and grouped with mortality, adjusting for covariates. RESULTS - Participants were followed for a median 20.3 years (range 0.5-40). The first- hour OGTT glucose and insulin levels increased only modestly with age, whereas levels during the second hour increased 4% per decade. Individually, 100- and 120-min glucose measures and fasting and 100-min insulin levels were all independent predictors of mortality. When all measures were considered together, only higher 120-min glucose was a significant independent risk factor for mortality. CONCLUSION - The steeper rise with age of the OGTT 2-h glucose values and the prognostic primacy of the 120-min glucose value for mortality is consistent with previous reports and suggests the value of using the OGTT in clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1026-1030
Number of pages5
JournalDiabetes Care
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2008
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

Cite this

Metter, E. J., Windham, B. G., Maggio, M., Simonsick, E. M., Ling, S. M., Egan, J. M., & Ferrucci, L. (2008). Glucose and insulin measurements from the oral glucose tolerance test and mortality prediction. Diabetes Care, 31(5), 1026-1030.