Global cancer pain management: a systematic review comparing trials in Africa, Europe and North America

Charles A. Odonkor, Gabriel Kim, Michael Erdek

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

AIM: Despite the rise in cancer survivorship, few reviews have examined the quality of studies of cancer pain management and practices around the globe. With a void in trials spanning multiple geographical settings, this review evaluates the quality of cancer trials across three continents.

MATERIALS & METHODS: A literature review and search of established databases was conducted to identify eligible studies. The Cochrane method, the Jadad Score and a cancer pain-specific ad hoc tool were used to evaluate quality of studies.

RESULTS: Eighteen studies representing a total of 4693 individuals were included in the review. Study quality correlated positively with study sample size and palliative care index. Trials in all three continents were prone to use opioids for pain management, whereas trials in Europe and North America utilized other adjuvant therapies such as antidepressants and steroids.

CONCLUSION: This review underscores the need for better multidimensional quality assessment tools for cancer pain trials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)299-310
Number of pages12
JournalPain management
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2017

Keywords

  • cancer pain
  • evidence-based practice
  • outcomes
  • quality
  • systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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