Global Adult Tobacco Survey Data as a tool to monitor the WHO Framework Convention on tobacco control (WHO FCTC) implementation: The Brazilian case

Liz Almeida, André Szklo, Mariana Sampaio, Mirian Souza, Luís Felipe Martins, Moysés Szklo, Deborah Malta, Roberta Caixeta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) was conducted in Brazil to provide data on tobacco use in order to monitor the WHO FCTC implementation in the country. It was carried out in 2008 using an international standardized methodology. The instrument included questions about tobacco use prevalence, cessation, secondhand smoke, knowledge, attitudes, media and advertising. Weighted analysis was used to obtain estimates. A total of 39,425 interviews were conducted. The prevalence of current tobacco use was 17.5%, (22.0%, men; 13.3%, women). The majority of users were smokers (17.2%) and their percentage was higher in rural areas (20.4%) than in urban areas (16.6%). About 20% of individuals reported having been exposed to tobacco smoke in public places. Over 70% of respondents said they had noticed anti-smoking information in several media and around 65% of smokers said they had considered quitting because of warning labels. About 30% of respondents had noticed cigarette advertising at selling points and 96% recognized tobacco use as a risk factor for serious diseases. Data in this report can be used as baseline for evaluation of new tobacco control approaches in Brazil, vis-à-vis WHO FCTC demand reduction measures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2520-2536
Number of pages17
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume9
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Health policy
  • Health promotion
  • Smoking
  • Tobacco

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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