The atomic force microscope (AFM) is a powerful tool for investigating nanoscale structures, dynamics, and forces at interfaces. AFM has dramatically matured in the almost 20-year history of the instrument. Today, AFMs are sufficiently robust and accessible that they are finding their way into undergraduate science curricula. This paper discusses the current state of the art of AFM in terms of imaging, force measurement, and sample manipulation and its application to physical chemistry. Biological systems are used as examples for how the AFM can be used.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Chemical Education|
|State||Published - May 1 2005|
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