Geometry and the organizational principle of spine synapses along a dendrite

Laxmi Kumar Parajuli, Hidetoshi Urakubo, Ai Takahashi-Nakazato, Roberto Ogelman, Hirohide Iwasaki, Masato Koike, Hyung Bae Kwon, Shin Ishii, Won Chan Oh, Yugo Fukazawa, Shigeo Okabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Precise information on synapse organization in a dendrite is crucial to understanding the mechanisms underlying voltage integration and the variability in the strength of synaptic inputs across dendrites of different complex morphologies. Here, we used focused ion beam/scanning electron microscope (FIB/SEM) to image the dendritic spines of mice in the hippocampal CA1 region, CA3 region, somatosensory cortex, striatum, and cerebellum (CB). Our results show that the spine geometry and dimensions differ across neuronal cell types. Despite this difference, dendritic spines were organized in an orchestrated manner such that the postsynaptic density (PSD) area per unit length of dendrite scaled positively with the dendritic diameter in CA1 proximal stratum radiatum (PSR), cortex, and CB. The ratio of the PSD area to neck length was kept relatively uniform across dendrites of different diameters in CA1 PSR. Computer simulation suggests that a similar level of synaptic strength across different dendrites in CA1 PSR enables the effective transfer of synaptic inputs from the dendrites toward soma. Excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs), evoked at single spines by glutamate un-caging and recorded at the soma, show that the neck length is more influential than head width in regulating the EPSP magnitude at the soma. Our study describes thorough morphologic features and the organizational principles of dendritic spines in different brain regions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberENEURO.0248-20.2020
JournaleNeuro
Volume7
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2020

Keywords

  • Dendritic spine
  • Electron microscopy
  • FIB/SEM
  • Glutamate uncaging
  • Postsynaptic density
  • Simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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