Genotype-dependent radiosensitivity: Clonogenic survival, apoptosis and cell-cycle redistribution

Jerry R. Williams, Yonggang Zhang, Haoming Zhou, James Russell, Daila S. Gridley, Cameron J. Koch, John B. Little

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: We describe variations of three radiation-induced endpoints on the basis of cell genotype: Clonogenic survival, expression of apoptosis and cell-cycle redistribution. Methods: Clonogenic survival, apoptosis and cell-cycle redistribution are measured in multiple cell lines after exposure to radiation between 2 and 16 Gy. Cell lines varied in clonogenic radiosensitivity and expression of specific genes. Results: Clonal radiosensitivity is genotype-dependent, associating with four specific genes: A mutated form of Ataxia telangiectasia mutated (mutATM); with two forms of TP53, the gene that is template for tumor protein p53, wildtype TP53 (wtTP53) and mutated TP53 (mutTP53); and an unidentified gene in radioresistant glioblastoma cells. Apoptosis is also genotype-dependent showing elevated levels in cells that express mutATM and abrogated 14-3-3σ (an isoform of the 14-3-3 gene) but less variation for different forms of TP53. Cell-cycle redistribution varied in mutATM cells. Kinetics of apoptosis are biphasic for both time and dose; cell lines did not express apoptosis at doses below 5 Gy or times before 24 hours. Kinetics of cell-cycle redistribution changed dynamically in the first 24 hours but showed little change after that time. Conclusions: Clonogenic survival, radiation-induced apoptosis and radiation-induced redistribution in the cell-cycle vary with cell genotype, but not the same genotypes. There is temporal, not quantitative, correlation between apoptosis and clonal radiosensitivity with apoptosis suppressed by lower, less toxic doses of radiation (<5 Gy) but enabled after larger, more toxic doses. Kinetic patterns for apoptosis and redistribution show a common change at approximately 24 hours.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)151-164
Number of pages14
JournalInternational journal of radiation biology
Volume84
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 8 2008

Keywords

  • 14-3-3σ
  • ATM
  • Apoptosis
  • CDKN1A
  • Cell-cycle redistribution
  • Radiosensitivity
  • TP53

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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    Williams, J. R., Zhang, Y., Zhou, H., Russell, J., Gridley, D. S., Koch, C. J., & Little, J. B. (2008). Genotype-dependent radiosensitivity: Clonogenic survival, apoptosis and cell-cycle redistribution. International journal of radiation biology, 84(2), 151-164. https://doi.org/10.1080/09553000701797021