Genotype at a major locus with large effects on apolipoprotein B levels predicts familial combined hyperlipidemia

Gail Pairitz Jarvik, Terri H. Beaty, Paul R. Gallagher, Paul M. Coates, Jean A. Cortner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A sample enriched for familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL) was examined for evidence of an association between genotype at an apolipoprotein B (apoB) elevating locus defined by complex segregation analysis and FCHL. Complex segregation analysis detected a locus with a large effect on plasma apoB levels and was used to compute the most probable genotype of family members. None of the 35 normolipidemic adults carried a copy of the allele associated with elevated apoB levels, yet 58% of the 109 adults with FCHL carried 1 (29%) or 2 (28%) copies. Two of 28 (7%) normal children had 1 copy of this allele and none had 2 copies, while 88 of 182 (48%) children with FCHL had 1 (26%) or 2 (22%) copies. Further, 4l of 48 (85%) individuals classified as having hyperapobetalipoproteinemia did not carry a copy of this “elevated apoB” allele. Therefore, the presence of the allele associated with elevation of apoB level is highly predictive of FCHL and this association cannot be explained solely by the presence of elevated apoB levels in FCHL, suggesting that the locus controlling apoB levels may play an etiologic role in FCHL. © 1993 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)257-270
Number of pages14
JournalGenetic epidemiology
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993

Keywords

  • apoB elevating locus
  • complex segregation analysis
  • coronary artery disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Genetics(clinical)

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