Genomic signatures of speciation in sympatric and allopatric hawaiian picture-winged drosophila

Lin Kang, Robert Settlage, Wyatt McMahon, Katarzyna Michalak, Hongseok Tae, Harold R. Garner, Elizabeth A. Stacy, Donald K. Price, Pawel Michalak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Hawaiian archipelago provides a natural arena for understanding adaptive radiation and speciation. The Hawaiian Drosophila are one of the most diverse endemic groups in Hawaiı with up to 1,000 species. We sequenced and analyzed entire genomes of recently diverged species of Hawaiian picture-winged Drosophila, Drosophila silvestris and Drosophila heteroneura from Hawaiı Island, in comparison with Drosophila planitibia, their sister species from Maui, a neighboring island where a common ancestor of all three had likely occurred. Genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphism patterns suggest the more recent origin of D. silvestris and D. heteroneura, as well as a pervasive influence of positive selection on divergence of the three species, with the signatures of positive selection more prominent in sympatry than allopatry. Positively selected genes were significantly enriched for functional terms related to sensory detection and mating, suggesting that sexual selection played an important role in speciation of these species. In particular, sequence variation in Olfactory receptor and Gustatory receptor genes seems to play a major role in adaptive radiation in Hawaiian pictured-winged Drosophila.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1482-1488
Number of pages7
JournalGenome biology and evolution
Volume8
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2016

Keywords

  • Allopatry
  • Genome analysis
  • Hawaiian Drosophila
  • Speciation
  • Sympatry.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Genetics

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