Genomic instability is a principle pathologic feature of FLT3 ITD kinase activity in acute myeloid leukemia leading to clonal evolution and disease progression

Melanie T. Rebechi, Keith W. Pratz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Acute Myeloid Leukemia with FLT3 ITD mutations are associated with a poor prognosis characterized by a higher relapse rate, shorter relapse free survival, and decreased likelihood of response to therapy at relapse. FLT3 ITD signaling drives cell proliferation and survival. FLT3 ITD AML disease progression is associated with cytogenetic evolution and acquired tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) resistance suggesting a potential role of genomic instability. There is growing evidence demonstrating a relationship between FLT3 signaling and increased DNA damage, specifically through increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) resulting in double-strand breaks (DSB), as well as impaired DNA repair, involving deficiencies in the non-homologous end joining (NHEJ), alternative non-homologous end joining (ALT NHEJ) and homologous recombination (HR) pathways. The role of genomic instability in the pathogenesis of FLT3 ITD AML warrants further examination as it offers potential therapeutic targets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2040-2050
Number of pages11
JournalLeukemia and Lymphoma
Volume58
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2 2017

Keywords

  • AML
  • DNA repair
  • FLT3
  • genomic instability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Genomic instability is a principle pathologic feature of FLT3 ITD kinase activity in acute myeloid leukemia leading to clonal evolution and disease progression'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this