Genome-wide site-specific differential methylation in the blood of individuals with Klinefelter syndrome

Emily S. Wan, Weiliang Qiu, Jarrett Morrow, Terri H. Beaty, Jacqueline Hetmanski, Barry J. Make, David A. Lomas, Edwin K. Silverman, Dawn L. Demeo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Klinefelter syndrome (KS) (47 XXY) is a common sex-chromosome aneuploidy with an estimated prevalence of one in every 660 male births. Investigations into the associations between DNA methylation and the highly variable clinical manifestations of KS have largely focused on the supernumerary X chromosome; systematic investigations of the epigenome have been limited. We obtained genome-wide DNA methylation data from peripheral blood using the Illumina HumanMethylation450K platform in 5 KS (47 XXY) versus 102 male (46 XY) and 113 female (46 XX) control subjects participating in the COPDGene Study. Empirical Bayes-mediated models were used to test for differential methylation by KS status. CpG sites with a false-discovery rate <0.05 in the discovery cohort which were available on the first-generation HumanMethylation 27K platform were further examined in an independent replication cohort of 2KS subjects, 590 male, and 495 female controls drawn from the International COPD Genetics Network (ICGN). Differential methylation at sites throughout the genome were identified, including 86 CpG sites that were differentially methylated in KS subjects relative to both male and female controls. CpG sites annotated to the HEN1 methyltransferase homolog 1 (HENMT1), calcyclin-binding protein (CACYBP), and GTPase-activating protein (SH3 domain)-binding protein 1 (G3BP1) genes were among the "KS-specific" loci that were replicated in ICGN. We conclude that site-specific differential methylation exists throughout the genome in KS. The functional impact and clinical relevance of these differentially methylated loci should be explored in future studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)377-386
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular reproduction and development
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology


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