We evaluate the feasibility of using a biological sample's transcriptome to predict its genome-wide regulatory element activities measured by DNase I hypersensitivity (DH). We develop BIRD, Big Data Regression for predicting DH, to handle this high-dimensional problem. Applying BIRD to the Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) data, we found that to a large extent gene expression predicts DH, and information useful for prediction is contained in the whole transcriptome rather than limited to a regulatory element's neighboring genes. We show applications of BIRD-predicted DH in predicting transcription factor-binding sites (TFBSs), turning publicly available gene expression samples in Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) into a regulome database, predicting differential regulatory element activities, and facilitating regulome data analyses by serving as pseudo-replicates. Besides improving our understanding of the regulome-transcriptome relationship, this study suggests that transcriptome-based prediction can provide a useful new approach for regulome mapping.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)