Genome-wide organization of GATA1 and TAL1 determined at high resolution

G. Celine Han, Vinesh Vinayachandran, Alain R. Bataille, Bongsoo Park, Ka Yim Chan-Salis, Cheryl A. Keller, Maria Long, Shaun Mahony, Ross C. Hardison, B. Franklin Pugh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Erythroid development and differentiation from multiprogenitor cells into red blood cells requires precise transcriptional regulation. Key erythroid transcription factors, GATA1 and TAL1, cooperate, along with other proteins, to regulate many aspects of this process. How GATA1 and TAL1 are juxtaposed along the DNA and their cognate DNA binding site across the mouse genome remains unclear. We applied high-resolution ChIP-exo (chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by 5'-to-3' exonuclease treatment and then massively parallel DNA sequencing) to GATA1 and TAL1 to study their positional organization across the mouse genome during GATA1-dependent maturation. Two complementary methods, MultiGPS and peak pairing, were used to determine high-confidence binding locations by ChIP-exo. We identified ~10,000 GATA1 and ~15,000 TAL1 locations, which were essentially confirmed by ChIP-seq (chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by massively parallel DNA sequencing). Of these, ~4,000 locations were bound by both GATA1 and TAL1. About three-quarters of them were tightly linked to a partial E-box located 7 or 8 bp upstream of a WGATAA motif. Both TAL1 and GATA1 generated distinct characteristic ChIP-exo peaks around WGATAA motifs that reflect their positional arrangement within a complex. We show that TAL1 and GATA1 form a precisely organized complex at a compound motif consisting of a TG 7 or 8 bp upstream of a WGATAA motif across thousands of genomic locations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)157-172
Number of pages16
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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