Genital tract infections (GTIs) are among the most common gynecologic problems seen in office practice. These infections may be associated with significant short- and long-term complications, infertility, ectopic pregnancy, chronic pain, and lower genital tract neoplasia. The basic evaluation for GTIs is outlined and a problem-oriented approach is used to review the epidemiology, clinical presentation, complications and sequelae, diagnosis, and treatment of different infections. The relationship between HIV and evaluation and management of GTIs is discussed.
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