Background: CC-chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) is a co-receptor for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection. Homozygosity for a 32-base pair (bp) deletion (Δ32) in the CCR5 gene confers resistance to HIV-1. Previous studies found an increased prevalence of hypertension among CCR5-Δ32 homozygotes and among carriers of a polymorphism (CCR2-64I) found on the gene that codes a closely related chemokine receptor. The present study was carried out to verify these associations. Methods: Subjects in this cross-sectional study were selected from the Global Repository at Genomics Collaborative, which includes patients and healthy control subjects enrolled at multiple clinical sites in the United States and other nations. The current study includes 2842 subjects with hypertension and 2893 nonhypertensive control subjects from white populations in the United States and Poland. Case and control subjects were frequency matched by age, gender, and birthplace. All subjects were genotyped for CCR5-Δ32 and CCR2-64I polymorphisms by established Taqman assays. Results: The CCR5-Δ32 genotype was not found to be associated with hypertension (CCR5-Δ32 heterozygosity: odds ratio [OR] 0.99, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.87 to 1.14; CCR5-Δ32 homozygosity: OR 1.07, 95% CI 0.68 to 1.67) among these subjects. There was also no association between CCR2-64I genotype and hypertension (CCR2-64I heterozygosity: OR 0.96, 95% CI 0.83 to 1.10; CCR2-64I homozygosity: OR 1.18, 95% CI 0.73 to 1.92). These results changed little after adjustment for potential confounding variables. Conclusion: The results of the present study, which is much larger than previously published studies, provide no evidence that either CCR5-Δ32 or CCR2-64I is associated with hypertension.
- Human immunodeficiency virus type 1
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine