Genetic variation within and among lion tamarins

L. Forman, D. G. Kleiman, R. M. Bush, J. M. Dietz, J. D. Ballou, L. G. Phillips, A. F. Coimbra-Filho, S. J. O'Brien

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The golden lion tamarin Leontopithecus rosalia rosalia, one of the rarest and most endangered of New World primates, has been the focus of an intensive research and conservation effort for two decades. During that period, managed breeding from 44 founders has brought the captive population to over 400 individuals, a number that equals or exceeds the estimated number of free-ranging golden lion tamarins. The extent of genetic variation among golden lion tamarins was estimated with an electrophoretic survey of 47 allozyme loci from 67 captive and 73 free-ranging individuals. The amount of variation was low, compared to 15 other primate species, with 4% of the loci being polymorphic (P), and with an average heterozygosity H estimate of 0.01 in these callitrichids. Electrophoretic analyses of captive and free-ranging animals (N = 31) of two allopatric morphotypes, Leontopithecus rosalia chrysopygus and L.r. chrysomelas, were similar to the L.r. rosalia findings insofar as they also revealed limited genetic polymorphism. Computation of the Nei-genetic distance measurements showed that the three morphotypes were genetically very similar, although discernible differentiation had occurred at two loci. These data are consistent with the occurrence of recent reproductive isolations of these subspecies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Anthropology
Volume71
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1986
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Leontopithecus
Leontopithecus rosalia
Rosalia
genetic variation
loci
Primates
Chrysomela
social isolation
conservation
animal
reproductive isolation
allozymes
genetic distance
Reproductive Isolation
heterozygosity
genetic polymorphism
Genetic Polymorphisms
Isoenzymes
Breeding
breeding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Anthropology

Cite this

Forman, L., Kleiman, D. G., Bush, R. M., Dietz, J. M., Ballou, J. D., Phillips, L. G., ... O'Brien, S. J. (1986). Genetic variation within and among lion tamarins. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 71(1), 1-11.

Genetic variation within and among lion tamarins. / Forman, L.; Kleiman, D. G.; Bush, R. M.; Dietz, J. M.; Ballou, J. D.; Phillips, L. G.; Coimbra-Filho, A. F.; O'Brien, S. J.

In: American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Vol. 71, No. 1, 1986, p. 1-11.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Forman, L, Kleiman, DG, Bush, RM, Dietz, JM, Ballou, JD, Phillips, LG, Coimbra-Filho, AF & O'Brien, SJ 1986, 'Genetic variation within and among lion tamarins', American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol. 71, no. 1, pp. 1-11.
Forman L, Kleiman DG, Bush RM, Dietz JM, Ballou JD, Phillips LG et al. Genetic variation within and among lion tamarins. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 1986;71(1):1-11.
Forman, L. ; Kleiman, D. G. ; Bush, R. M. ; Dietz, J. M. ; Ballou, J. D. ; Phillips, L. G. ; Coimbra-Filho, A. F. ; O'Brien, S. J. / Genetic variation within and among lion tamarins. In: American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 1986 ; Vol. 71, No. 1. pp. 1-11.
@article{c07a98c2e6634c88bbe14b4d9c68d729,
title = "Genetic variation within and among lion tamarins",
abstract = "The golden lion tamarin Leontopithecus rosalia rosalia, one of the rarest and most endangered of New World primates, has been the focus of an intensive research and conservation effort for two decades. During that period, managed breeding from 44 founders has brought the captive population to over 400 individuals, a number that equals or exceeds the estimated number of free-ranging golden lion tamarins. The extent of genetic variation among golden lion tamarins was estimated with an electrophoretic survey of 47 allozyme loci from 67 captive and 73 free-ranging individuals. The amount of variation was low, compared to 15 other primate species, with 4{\%} of the loci being polymorphic (P), and with an average heterozygosity H estimate of 0.01 in these callitrichids. Electrophoretic analyses of captive and free-ranging animals (N = 31) of two allopatric morphotypes, Leontopithecus rosalia chrysopygus and L.r. chrysomelas, were similar to the L.r. rosalia findings insofar as they also revealed limited genetic polymorphism. Computation of the Nei-genetic distance measurements showed that the three morphotypes were genetically very similar, although discernible differentiation had occurred at two loci. These data are consistent with the occurrence of recent reproductive isolations of these subspecies.",
author = "L. Forman and Kleiman, {D. G.} and Bush, {R. M.} and Dietz, {J. M.} and Ballou, {J. D.} and Phillips, {L. G.} and Coimbra-Filho, {A. F.} and O'Brien, {S. J.}",
year = "1986",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "71",
pages = "1--11",
journal = "American Journal of Physical Anthropology",
issn = "0002-9483",
publisher = "Wiley-Liss Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Genetic variation within and among lion tamarins

AU - Forman, L.

AU - Kleiman, D. G.

AU - Bush, R. M.

AU - Dietz, J. M.

AU - Ballou, J. D.

AU - Phillips, L. G.

AU - Coimbra-Filho, A. F.

AU - O'Brien, S. J.

PY - 1986

Y1 - 1986

N2 - The golden lion tamarin Leontopithecus rosalia rosalia, one of the rarest and most endangered of New World primates, has been the focus of an intensive research and conservation effort for two decades. During that period, managed breeding from 44 founders has brought the captive population to over 400 individuals, a number that equals or exceeds the estimated number of free-ranging golden lion tamarins. The extent of genetic variation among golden lion tamarins was estimated with an electrophoretic survey of 47 allozyme loci from 67 captive and 73 free-ranging individuals. The amount of variation was low, compared to 15 other primate species, with 4% of the loci being polymorphic (P), and with an average heterozygosity H estimate of 0.01 in these callitrichids. Electrophoretic analyses of captive and free-ranging animals (N = 31) of two allopatric morphotypes, Leontopithecus rosalia chrysopygus and L.r. chrysomelas, were similar to the L.r. rosalia findings insofar as they also revealed limited genetic polymorphism. Computation of the Nei-genetic distance measurements showed that the three morphotypes were genetically very similar, although discernible differentiation had occurred at two loci. These data are consistent with the occurrence of recent reproductive isolations of these subspecies.

AB - The golden lion tamarin Leontopithecus rosalia rosalia, one of the rarest and most endangered of New World primates, has been the focus of an intensive research and conservation effort for two decades. During that period, managed breeding from 44 founders has brought the captive population to over 400 individuals, a number that equals or exceeds the estimated number of free-ranging golden lion tamarins. The extent of genetic variation among golden lion tamarins was estimated with an electrophoretic survey of 47 allozyme loci from 67 captive and 73 free-ranging individuals. The amount of variation was low, compared to 15 other primate species, with 4% of the loci being polymorphic (P), and with an average heterozygosity H estimate of 0.01 in these callitrichids. Electrophoretic analyses of captive and free-ranging animals (N = 31) of two allopatric morphotypes, Leontopithecus rosalia chrysopygus and L.r. chrysomelas, were similar to the L.r. rosalia findings insofar as they also revealed limited genetic polymorphism. Computation of the Nei-genetic distance measurements showed that the three morphotypes were genetically very similar, although discernible differentiation had occurred at two loci. These data are consistent with the occurrence of recent reproductive isolations of these subspecies.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0022469979&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0022469979&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 3096142

AN - SCOPUS:0022469979

VL - 71

SP - 1

EP - 11

JO - American Journal of Physical Anthropology

JF - American Journal of Physical Anthropology

SN - 0002-9483

IS - 1

ER -