Genetic variation among lentiviruses: Homology between visna virus and caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus is confined to the 5' gag-pol region and a small portion of the env gene

J. M. Pyper, J. E. Clements, S. M. Molineaux, O. Narayan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Visna virus of sheep and arthritis-encephalitis virus of goats are serologically related but genetically distinct retroviruses which cause slowly progressive diseases in their natural hosts. To localize homologous regions of the DNAs of these two viruses, we constructed a physical map of caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus DNA and aligned it with the viral RNA. Cloned probes of visna virus DNA were then used to localize regions of homology with the caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus DNA. These studies showed homology in the 5' region of the genome encompassing U5 and the gag and pol genes and also in a small region in the env gene. These findings correlate with biological data suggesting that the regions of the DNA which are homologous may be responsible for virus group characteristics such as the closely related virus core antigens. Regions which did not show homology such as large sections in the env gene may represent unique sequences which control highly strain-specific characteristics such as the neutralization antigen and specific cell tropisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)713-721
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of virology
Volume51
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Insect Science
  • Virology

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