Genetic identification of yeast 18S rRNA residues required for efficient recruitment of initiator tRNAMet and AUG selection

Jinsheng Dong, Jagpreet S. Nanda, Hafsa Rahman, Margaret R. Pruitt, Byung Sik Shin, Chi Ming Wong, Jon R. Lorsch, Alan G. Hinnebusch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

High-resolution structures of bacterial 70S ribosomes have provided atomic details about mRNA and tRNA binding to the decoding center during elongation, but such information is lacking for preinitiation complexes (PICs). We identified residues in yeast 18S rRNA critical in vivo for recruiting methionyl tRNAiMet to 40S subunits during initiation by isolating mutations that derepress GCN4 mRNA translation. Several such Gcd- mutations alter the A928:U1389 base pair in helix 28 (h28) and allow PICs to scan through the start codons of upstream ORFs that normally repress GCN4 translation. The A928U substitution also impairs TC binding to PICs in a reconstituted system in vitro. Mutation of the bulge G926 in h28 and certain other residues corresponding to direct contacts with the P-site codon or tRNA in bacterial 70S complexes confer Gcd- phenotypes that (like A928 substitutions) are suppressed by overexpressing tRNAiMet. Hence, the nonconserved 928:1389 base pair in h28, plus conserved 18S rRNA residues corresponding to P-site contacts in bacterial ribosomes, are critical for efficient Met-tRNAiMet binding and AUG selection in eukaryotes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2242-2255
Number of pages14
JournalGenes and Development
Volume22
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2008

Keywords

  • GCN4 translational control
  • Ribosome
  • Scanning
  • Translation initiation
  • rRNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Developmental Biology

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    Dong, J., Nanda, J. S., Rahman, H., Pruitt, M. R., Shin, B. S., Wong, C. M., Lorsch, J. R., & Hinnebusch, A. G. (2008). Genetic identification of yeast 18S rRNA residues required for efficient recruitment of initiator tRNAMet and AUG selection. Genes and Development, 22(16), 2242-2255. https://doi.org/10.1101/gad.1696608