Genetic Analysis of Small Well-differentiated Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors Identifies Subgroups with Differing Risks of Liver Metastases

Antonio Pea, Jun Yu, Luigi Marchionni, Michael Noe, Claudio Luchini, Alessandra Pulvirenti, Roeland F. De Wilde, Lodewijk A. Brosens, Neda Rezaee, Ammar Javed, Peter Chianchiano, Stefano Gobbo, Paolo Regi, Roberto Salvia, Claudio Bassi, Jin He, Matthew J. Weiss, John L. Cameron, G. Johan A. Offerhaus, Ralph H. HrubanRita T. Lawlor, Aldo Scarpa, Christopher M. Heaphy, Laura D. Wood, Christopher L. Wolfgang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective:The aim of this study was to investigate the key molecular alterations in small primary pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PanNETs) associated with the development of liver metastases.Background:Well-differentiated PanNETs with small size are typically indolent; however, a limited subset metastasize to the liver.Methods:A total of 87 small primary PanNETs (<3cm), including 32 metastatic cases and 55 nonmetastatic cases after a 5-year follow-up, were immunolabeled for DAXX/ATRX and analyzed for alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT) by Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization. A subset of these cases, 24 that metastasized and 24 that did not metastasize, were assessed by targeted next-generation sequencing and whole-genome copy number variation.Results:In the entire cohort, high Ki-67 (OR 1.369; 95% CI 1.121-1.673; P = 0.002), N-stage (OR 4.568; 95% CI 1.458-14.312; P = 0.009), and ALT-positivity (OR 3.486; 95% CI 1.093-11.115; P = 0.035) were independently associated with liver metastases. In the subset assessed by next-generation sequencing and copy number variation analysis, 3 molecular subtypes with differing risks of liver metastases were identified. Group 1 (n = 15; 73% metastasized) was characterized by recurrent chromosomal gains, CN-LOH, DAXX mutations, and ALT-positivity. Group 2 (n = 19; 42% metastasized, including 5 G1 tumors) was characterized by limited copy number alterations and mutations. Group 3 (n = 14; 35% metastasized) were defined by chromosome 11 loss.Conclusions:We identified genomic patterns of small PanNETs associated with a different risk for liver metastases. Molecular alterations, such as DAXX mutations, chromosomal gains, and ALT, are associated with an increased risk of metastasis in small PanNETs. Therefore, targeted sequencing and/or ALT analysis may help in the clinical decisions for these small PanNETs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)566-573
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of surgery
Volume271
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2020

Keywords

  • ALT
  • genetic subgroups
  • liver metastases
  • pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PanNETs)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Genetic Analysis of Small Well-differentiated Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors Identifies Subgroups with Differing Risks of Liver Metastases'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this