We previously reported the finding of phytosterolemia, xanthomatosis, and hyperapobetalipoproteinemia (hyperapoB) in five siblings in a large Amish pedigree ascertained through a 13-year-old boy who died suddenly from advanced coronary atherosclerosis. Here, we present further analyses of the plasma levels of the plant sterol, sitosterol, of low density (beta) lipoprotein (LDL) sterol, and of LDL B protein. Of 254 relatives and spouses of the proband, 90.5% were examined. A series of genetic models were explored using a pedigree analysis where parameters reflecting frequency, transmission, and penetrance of putative genotypes were examined simultaneously using a maximum likelihood approach. Segregation analysis of the sitosterol levels showed that the phenotype of sitosterolemia was controlled by a rare autosomal recessive gene. There was also significant familial correlation in plasma sitosterol levels that was attributed to a polygenic component under a mixed model but could also be due to shared invironments such as diets. The recessive model was supported by our finding that the plasma sitosterol levels in the parents and in six children born to three of the five sitosterolemics were less than 1 mg/dl, well within the normal range.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||American journal of human genetics|
|State||Published - 1986|
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