Generation of three-dimensional retinal tissue with functional photoreceptors from human iPSCs

Xiufeng Zhong, Christian Gutierrez, Tian Xue, Christopher Hampton, M. Natalia Vergara, Li Hui Cao, Ann Peters, Tea Soon Park, Elias T. Zambidis, Jason S. Meyer, David M. Gamm, King Wai Yau, M. Valeria Canto-Soler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

393 Scopus citations


Many forms of blindness result from the dysfunction or loss of retinal photoreceptors. Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) hold great potential for the modelling of these diseases or as potential therapeutic agents. However, to fulfill this promise, a remaining challenge is to induce human iPSC to recreate in vitro key structural and functional features of the native retina, in particular the presence of photoreceptors with outer-segment discs and light sensitivity. Here we report that hiPSC can, in a highly autonomous manner, recapitulate spatiotemporally each of the main steps of retinal development observed in vivo and form three-dimensional retinal cups that contain all major retinal cell types arranged in their proper layers. Moreover, the photoreceptors in our hiPSC-derived retinal tissue achieve advanced maturation, showing the beginning of outer-segment disc formation and photosensitivity. This success brings us one step closer to the anticipated use of hiPSC for disease modelling and open possibilities for future therapies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number4047
JournalNature communications
StatePublished - Jun 10 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Generation of three-dimensional retinal tissue with functional photoreceptors from human iPSCs'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this