In review, animal models have accounted significantly for the amazing strides made in the field of sexual dysfunction research. Fundamental, they have offered a unique experimental approach to test many hypotheses regarding sexual function. Since their early use for sexual physiology researach, there has been increasing sophistication using animals involving techniques for stimulating and monitoring sexual responses. One specific area that has been advanced is the use of conscious animal models to obtain a better sense of the natural contexts for sexual physiology and to avoid pharmacological interference associated with anesthetics. Another area of interest is the increasing use of simple but valid techniques to record and assess sexual responses. Efforts to develop and evaluate animal models that replicate disorders of sexual function have also been most advantageous. In the future, animal models will remain useful. The expanded applications of animal models include the study of predisposing disease states associated with sexual dysfunction and the study of all aspects of sexual dysfunction, in both male and female subjects. Continued judgment must be applied, understanding the advantages of one or another animal model, to explore questions and provide answer that are most scientifically relevant to the human condition. The promise of advancing therapies in this field indicates the additional prominent role for animals for the purpose of drug development.
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