Gene Therapy Restores Balance and Auditory Functions in a Mouse Model of Usher Syndrome

Kevin Isgrig, Jack W. Shteamer, Inna A. Belyantseva, Meghan C. Drummond, Tracy S. Fitzgerald, Sarath Vijayakumar, Sherri M. Jones, Andrew J. Griffith, Thomas B. Friedman, Lisa L. Cunningham, Wade W Chien

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Dizziness and hearing loss are among the most common disabilities. Many forms of hereditary balance and hearing disorders are caused by abnormal development of stereocilia, mechanosensory organelles on the apical surface of hair cells in the inner ear. The deaf whirler mouse, a model of human Usher syndrome (manifested by hearing loss, dizziness, and blindness), has a recessive mutation in the whirlin gene, which renders hair cell stereocilia short and dysfunctional. In this study, wild-type whirlin cDNA was delivered to the inner ears of neonatal whirler mice using adeno-associated virus serotype 2/8 (AAV8-whirlin) by injection into the posterior semicircular canal. Unilateral whirlin gene therapy injection was able to restore balance function as well as improve hearing in whirler mice for at least 4 months. Our data indicate that gene therapy is likely to become a treatment option for hereditary disorders of balance and hearing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)780-791
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular Therapy
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2017

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Keywords

  • vestibular dysfunction
  • whirler
  • whirlin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery

Cite this

Isgrig, K., Shteamer, J. W., Belyantseva, I. A., Drummond, M. C., Fitzgerald, T. S., Vijayakumar, S., ... Chien, W. W. (2017). Gene Therapy Restores Balance and Auditory Functions in a Mouse Model of Usher Syndrome. Molecular Therapy, 25(3), 780-791. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ymthe.2017.01.007